32 Witnesses, at Least 4 Shushes: The Elizabeth Holmes Trial by the Numbers

SAN JOSE, Calif. — Since 2018, when Elizabeth Holmes was indicted on charges of fraud, her trial has been delayed by procedural issues, a pandemic and the birth of her son in July. Now, four months into her trial and 43 hours into deliberations, the jurors in United States v. Elizabeth Holmes have asked themselves, “What’s another day?”

Deliberations will pick back up in 2022 (on Monday). In the meantime, we’re taking stock of the case.


Fraud charges against Ms. Holmes — two for conspiracy to commit wire fraud, two tied to patients who took Theranos blood tests, one tied to advertisements and six tied to investments in the company.


The maximum number of years Ms. Holmes could face in prison for each count of fraud. If she is convicted, they are likely to be served concurrently.


Ms. Holmes’s age when she founded Theranos, just before dropping out of Stanford.

26 and 37

Ms. Holmes’s age when the alleged fraud began and her age now, prosecutors reminded the jury. “That is certainly old enough to know the difference between right and wrong,” John Bostic, an assistant U.S. attorney, said in closing arguments.

$9 billion

Theranos’s valuation at its peak.

$945 million

The money Ms. Holmes raised from investors.


Articles in which we have included the preceding two statistics.


“Entities” that owned shares in Theranos, including funds, trusts, individuals and employees, according to a tally by her lawyers.

Understand the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Jury deliberations are underway in the fraud trial of Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of the blood testing start-up Theranos.

  • Recapping the Trial: Prosecutors sought to prove that Ms. Holmes “chose fraud over business failure,” while the defense relied heavily on her testimony.
  • Holmes’s Testimony: Ms. Holmes took the stand for seven days. Here are the biggest revelations from her testimony.
  • Understand the Case: The trial caps a saga of Silicon Valley hubris, ambition and deception.
  • Who’s Who: Here are some of the key figures in the case, including two whistle-blowers and a former U.S. secretary of defense.
  • Inside the Courtroom: This is what goes on behind the courthouse’s closed doors.


The value of at least one investor’s stake in Theranos now.


Tweets (approximately) we have sent about this trial.


Exhibits entered into evidence.


Witnesses who testified in the four-month-long trial.


Jurors dismissed after the trial’s start — one for her work schedule, one for her Buddhist faith and one for playing Sudoku during testimony.


Seats in the courtroom, known as “the hottest ticket in Silicon Valley.”


The hourly rate of a TaskRabbit paid to stand in line for an undisclosed client who wanted a seat.


The asking price for a complete Elizabeth Holmes costume — black turtleneck, blond wig, red lipstick and “blood energy drink” — peddled jokingly by a spectator in line.


The minimum number of times Judge Edward Davila chastised reporters for typing too loudly in the courtroom.

Months into the trial when Judge Davila began pronouncing Theranos correctly.

50,000 to 60,000

Test results that were voided after a regulatory crackdown in 2016.

More than 1,000

Types of tests that Ms. Holmes told the journalist Roger Parloff that Theranos’s machines could conduct.


Types of tests that Theranos’s machines were capable of doing.

5 to 10

Hours that Dr. Sunil Dhawan, a dermatologist, spent working at Theranos during the roughly six months that he was its lab director.


Days that Dr. Adam Rosendorff, another Theranos lab director, who quit in protest, spent getting grilled on the stand.


Days that Ms. Holmes spent on the stand.


Pages of text messages between Ms. Holmes and her ex-boyfriend and business partner, Ramesh Balwani, that were admitted as evidence in one exhibit. The pair alternated between expressing affection, calling each other “tiger” and “tigress,” and pumping each other up about Theranos’s business.


The payments from Theranos to private investigators who followed Erika Cheung and Tyler Shultz, two employees who spoke out about the company’s problems, according to receipts shown by prosecutors. “I sure as hell wish we had treated her differently and listened to her,” Ms. Holmes said of Ms. Cheung.

4:00 a.m.

Ms. Holmes’s wake-up time during the period of alleged fraud, based on a handwritten schedule entered into evidence.

3:06 a.m.

The arrival time of the person who scored the last seat in the courtroom for closing arguments in late December.


High-profile trials that started and finished while this one was in progress. They were the trials of Kyle Rittenhouse, who shot three men in Kenosha, Wis.; Travis McMichael, Gregory McMichael and William Bryan Jr., who were charged in the killing of Ahmaud Arbery in Georgia; Kimberly Potter, the police officer who killed Daunte Wright in Minnesota; and Ghislaine Maxwell, who conspired to aid the financier Jeffrey Epstein in abusing young girls.


Daily new coronavirus cases, on average, in Santa Clara County, where the trial is being held, an increase of more than 250 percent over the previous 14 days.

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